National Healthy Schools Day 2020
Understanding & Responding to Lead in School Drinking Water
National Healthy Schools Day 2020 falls on April 7th. The National Healthy Schools partnership had planned to focus on “The Air we Breathe, the Water we Drink.” In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the partnership pivoted to encouraging schools and districts to think about ways to take advantage of empty school buildings to perform maintenance tasks. National Healthy Schools Day 2020 also provides an opportunity to advocate for federal attention to health and safety conditions in our nation’s schools.
For example, in the House, Rep. Bobby Scott (D-VA-3) and 211 co-sponsors have offered HR 865 – Rebuild America’s Schools Act, while in the Senate, Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI) and 26 co-sponsors offered S.266 – Rebuild America’s Schools Act. Congress could restore or even expand funds to EPA for programs that improve environmental health in school settings and could ensure continued appropriations for programs to test for and remove lead in school and childcare drinking water through previously authorized programs.
Elevated levels of lead in school drinking and cooking water are but one of the challenges facing schools, but it is a challenge we know how to respond to.
Unless a school can boast 100 percent up-to-current-code plumbing, the only way to know if lead is present is by testing the water. The only nationwide look at results of school drinking water sampling for lead found that 44 percent of analyzed schools had at least one instance of lead above the state’s acceptable (“action”) level. They study also found that 12 percent of all analyzed samples had elevated lead. Analysis of individual states showed great variation both in lead findings and in how states approach the problem through policy and programs.
There are many good resources that boost understanding of lead in tap water and what to do about it—here are a few:
A peer-reviewed paper, “Understanding lead in water and avoidance strategies,” explains the ABC’s of lead in plumbing and includes examples of remediation approaches and their costs
Two factsheets from National Drinking Water Alliance partners explain steps to drinking water safety, along with links to further resources
Drinking Water Safety in Schools fact sheet
Childcare Drinking Water Safety fact sheet
EPA’s “3Ts” guidance is the first resource schools should turn to
National Drinking Water Alliance partners prepared a 3-webinar series on school drinking water safety
Webinar 1: “Why are we talking about it? Drinking water and lead exposure”
Webinar 2: “Planning for school water quality: steps schools should take”
Webinar 3: “Solutions: Find it and fix it – or flush or filter it”